The Lindisfarne Special Protection Area (SPA) was designated in 1992 to protect rare, threatened and vulnerable birds as listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, plus internationally important populations of migratory species and waterfowl. The site covers Holy Island in Northumberland, the adjacent mainland and the intertidal areas between the two.
The boundary of the SPA protects intertidal sand and mudflats, rocky shore, saltmarsh and eelgrass beds as supporting habitats for the bird interest features. These supporting habitats make up 75% of the Lindisfarne SPA and lie entirely within the boundary of the Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast Special Area of Conservation (SAC).
Due to the spatial overlap and the common interest features, the intertidal habitats of the Lindisfarne SPA have been grouped together with the features of the Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast European Marine Site and are managed under a single Management Scheme. The SAC and the intertidal components of the SPA are known together as the Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast SAC for the purposes of management.