Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast SAC Objectives

The Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast Special Area of Conservation is designated for five qualifying features and each of these have associated sub-features. The conservation objectives for each are listed below. They have been taken from the Regulation 33 Advice Package that was published by English Nature and Scottish Natural Heritage in 2000 under requirements of the 1994 Habitat Regulations. New conservation advice will be produced before April 2016 and advice on conservation objectives and activities likely to cause damage will be reviewed. Until that time, the 2000 advice is used to inform this Management Scheme.


Intertidal and Subtidal Rocky Reefs

Sub-features: Rocky shore communities, kelp forest communities, subtidal faunal turf communities

Conservation objective: Subject to natural change, maintain in favourable condition the reefs, in particular:

  • The extent, distribution, diversity and species richness of reef communities

Submerged and Partially Submerged Sea Caves

Sub-features: Intertidal cave communities, subtidal cave communities

Conservation objective: Subject to natural change, maintain in favourable condition the submerged or partially submerged sea caves, in particular:

  • The diversity of sea cave communities and their characteristic zonation


Intertidal Sand and Mud Flats

Sub-features: Sand communities, mud and muddy sand communities, mussel bed, eelgrass

Conservation objectives: Subject to natural change, maintain in favourable condition the sand flats and mud flats not covered by sea water at low tide, in particular:

  • The extent of eelgrass bed communities and mussel (Mytilus edulis) bed communities
  • The diversity of infaunal communities

It should be noted that since the original conservation objectives were published in June 2000, high levels of nutrient enrichment have resulted in a deterioration of the sand and mud flats. Through this Management Scheme, it is hoped that the condition of this feature will be restored rather than maintained.


Large Shallow Inlets and Bays

Sub-features: Fine and coarse sediment communities

Conservation objectives: Subject to natural change, maintain in favourable condition the large shallow inlets and bays, in particular:

  • The extent and diversity of component habitats
  • The water quality of component habitats


Grey Seal
(Halichoerus grypus)

Sub-features: Rocky and coarse sediment shores

Conservation objectives: Subject to natural change, maintain in favourable condition the habitats for the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), in particular:

  • The extent and suitability of grey seal Halichoerus grypus breeding habitat on the Farne Islands

Since the 2000 publication of this conservation objective, other areas within the Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast SAC are becoming increasingly important for grey seals, including the Fast Castle Head breeding area and haul out areas around Holy Island. The extent and suitability of these areas should also be maintained.